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Monday, March 28, 2016

Catholic News World : Monday March 28, 2016 - SHARE

 2016

Top 10 Quotes of Mother Angelica - Life Pictures and #Amazing Tribute to SHARE


Mother Mary Angelica of the Annunciation, PCPA  was born Rita Antoinette Rizzo; April 20, 1923 in Ohio to Italian/American Parents. (Images share from OLAM) She was miraculously cured from a stomach ailment she suffered as a teen. Rita entered the convent secretly even though her mother was opposed to it. At the age of 30 she was in an accident that nearly paralyzed her but she was cured after surgery and prayer to God. Mother Angelica had a great sense of humor.
She entered the Poor Clares of Perpetual Adoration, Franciscans in 1944. She founded a new house for the order in 1962 in Irondale, Alabama and began the Eternal Word Television Network from there in 1981. In 1996 she started the building of the Shrine of the Most Blessed Sacrament and Our Lady of the Angels monastery in Hanceville, Alabama.
Mother Angelica received the Pro Ecclesia et Pontifice Award. She died on March 27, 2016.

Top 10 Quotes
1. We are all called to be great saints, don't miss the opportunity.
2. Unless you are willing to do the ridiculous, God will not do the miraculous. When you have God, you don’t have to know everything about it; you just do it.
3. If you want to be holy, if you seek meaning in your life, start looking into your own life and attacking your pride in all of its many forms. God will give you extraordinary light and the ultimate reward of holiness. For your holiness relies not on what you do, but on what you allow God to do through you.  Have courage. God will perfect you.
4. Where most men work for degrees after their names, we work for one before our names: 'St.' It's a much more difficult degree to attain. It takes a lifetime, and you don't get your diploma until you're dead.
5. Everything starts with one person . . . I don't care if you're 5 or 105, God from all eternity chose you to be where you are, at this time in history, to change the world.
6. God always forgives when you are totally repentant and you desire to change. He forgives...and He never gets tired of forgiving. Never. You may get tired asking. I hope not. He never, never tires of forgiving. Never.
7. You can't go to Heaven hating somebody. Forgive now. Be compassionate now. Be patient now. Be grateful now. Love Jesus and Mary now. Accept God's will now.
8. I guess that is what dying must be like; to be finished and to be able to look back at the struggles of life, and know that God was your constant companion.
9. Sometimes my worst day - one filled with pain and suffering - in the eyes of God, is my best day if I've born it cheerfully and I've born it with love.
10. We are commanded to love God with all our strength, heart, mind and soul and our neighbor in the same way God loves us - it is the same love flowing between God and the soul - the soul and its neighbor. It is difficult, but the burden of the cross is light compared to the cross of uncontrolled emotions, anger, insistence on one's own opinion, the frustration of trying to change others rather than being changed oneself, resentment, regrets and guilt. Accepting the present moment like Jesus did is certainly a lighter burden.

Wow 2 Interviews with #MotherAngelica on 60 Minutes and Larry King LIVE - SHARE


Special Rare Television Interviews with Mother Angelica on 60 Minutes and Larry King LIVE of CNN to SHARE: (takes a minute to load) 

#PopeFrancis ‘Christ, my hope, is risen!’ #ReginaCaeli on Easter Monday - FULL Video - Text


(Vatican Radio) Pope Francis said “we also stand today before the empty tomb of Jesus, and meditate with wonder and gratitude on the great mystery of the Resurrection of the Lord” during his Easter Monday Regina Coeli address.
“Life has conquered death. Mercy and love have conquered sin! There is need of faith and hope to open this new and wonderful horizon,” Pope Francis said.
“And we know that faith and hope are a gift from God, and we have to ask: ‘Lord, give me faith, give me hope! We have so much need!’. Let us by pervaded by the emotions that resonate in the Easter sequence: ‘Yes, we are certain: Christ is truly risen.’ The Lord has risen among us! This truth marked in an indelible way the lives of the Apostles who, after the Resurrection, again felt the need to follow their Master and, receiving the Holy Spirit, went without fear to proclaim to all what they had seen with their own eyes and personally experienced.” The Holy Father said “in this Jubilee Year we are called to rediscover and to welcome with particular intensity the comforting announcement of the resurrection: ‘Christ, my hope, is risen!’”, adding “if Christ is risen, we can look with new eyes and hearts at every event of our lives, even the most negative.”
“The moments of darkness, of failure, and also of sin can be transformed and announce a new path. When we have reached the base of our misery and our weakness, the risen Christ gives us the strength to lift ourselves up. If we have faith in Him, His grace saves us!” – Pope Francis continued – “The crucified and risen Lord is the full revelation of mercy, present and active in history. This is the Easter message that still resonates today and that will resonate throughout the time of Easter until Pentecost.” The Pope said “the silent witness to the events of the Passion and Resurrection of Jesus was Mary.” “She was standing next to the cross: She did not collapse in the face of grief, but her faith made her stronger” – he explained – “In the broken heart of a mother, there was always the flame of hope. We ask her to also help us to accept in fullness the Easter proclamation of resurrection, to embody it concretely in our daily lives.” He then invoked Our Lady before reciting the Regina Coeli prayer, which is prayed instead of the Angelus during the Easter season: “May the Virgin Mary give us the certainty of faith that suffered every step of our journey, illuminated by the light of Easter; that it will become a blessing and joy for us and for others, especially for those who suffer because of selfishness and indifference.”
After reciting the Regina Coeli, Pope Francis condemned the “reprehensible” terrorist attack in Lahore, Pakistan, and called on civil and other authorities to “do everything possible to restore security and peace to the population and, in particular, to the most vulnerable religious minorities.”
At the end of his address, the Holy Father encouraged everyone to spend a little bit of time every day reading from the Gospels. “It takes no more than five minutes to read a passage from the Gospel. Remember this!...And do not forget to pray for me!” Pope Francis concluded.
Pope Francis on Easter Monday called for pilgrims in St. Peter’s Square to pause for a moment of prayer for the victims of the terrorist attack in Lahore, Pakistan, which killed more than 70 people, mostly Christian families celebrating Easter Sunday in a public park. During his Regina Coeli address, Pope Francis called the attack “reprehensible” and said it “bloodied” Easter. “I wish to express my closeness to all those affected by this cowardly and senseless crime, and ask you to pray to the Lord for the numerous victims and their loved ones,” Pope Francis said.
“I appeal to the civil authorities and to all the social components of [Pakistan] to do everything possible to restore security and peace to the population and, in particular, to the most vulnerable religious minorities,” the Pope continued.
“I repeat, once again, that violence and murderous hatred lead only to pain and destruction; respect and fraternity are the only way to achieve peace,” – the Holy Father said – “The Passover of the Lord inspires in us, in an even more powerful way, prayers to God so that he stops the hands of the violent, who spread terror and death; and makes it possible for love, justice and reconciliation to reign in the world.” After his remarks, Pope Francis led those gathered in St. Peter's Square in a "Hail Mary" for the victims and their families.

Today's Mass Readings and Video : Easter Monday March 28, 2016


Monday in the Octave of Easter
Lectionary: 261


Reading 1ACTS 2:14, 22-33

On the day of Pentecost, Peter stood up with the Eleven,
raised his voice, and proclaimed:
“You who are Jews, indeed all of you staying in Jerusalem.
Let this be known to you, and listen to my words.

“You who are children of Israel, hear these words.
Jesus the Nazorean was a man commended to you by God
with mighty deeds, wonders, and signs,
which God worked through him in your midst, as you yourselves know.
This man, delivered up by the set plan and foreknowledge of God,
you killed, using lawless men to crucify him.
But God raised him up, releasing him from the throes of death,
because it was impossible for him to be held by it.
For David says of him:

I saw the Lord ever before me,
with him at my right hand I shall not be disturbed.
Therefore my heart has been glad and my tongue has exulted;
my flesh, too, will dwell in hope,
because you will not abandon my soul to the nether world,
nor will you suffer your holy one to see corruption.
You have made known to me the paths of life;
you will fill me with joy in your presence.


My brothers, one can confidently say to you
about the patriarch David that he died and was buried,
and his tomb is in our midst to this day.
But since he was a prophet and knew that God had sworn an oath to him
that he would set one of his descendants upon his throne,
he foresaw and spoke of the resurrection of the Christ,
that neither was he abandoned to the netherworld
nor did his flesh see corruption.
God raised this Jesus;
of this we are all witnesses.
Exalted at the right hand of God,
he poured forth the promise of the Holy Spirit
that he received from the Father, as you both see and hear.”

Responsorial PsalmPS 16:1-2A AND 5, 7-8, 9-10, 11

R. (1) Keep me safe, O God; you are my hope.
or:
R. Alleluia.
Keep me, O God, for in you I take refuge;
I say to the LORD, “My Lord are you.”
O LORD, my allotted portion and my cup,
you it is who hold fast my lot.
R. Keep me safe, O God; you are my hope.
or:
R. Alleluia.
I bless the LORD who counsels me;
even in the night my heart exhorts me.
I set the LORD ever before me;
with him at my right hand I shall not be disturbed.
R. Keep me safe, O God; you are my hope.
or:
R. Alleluia.
Therefore my heart is glad and my soul rejoices,
my body, too, abides in confidence;
Because you will not abandon my soul to the nether world,
nor will you suffer your faithful one to undergo corruption.
R. Keep me safe, O God; you are my hope.
or:
R. Alleluia.
You will show me the path to life,
fullness of joys in your presence,
the delights at your right hand forever.
R. Keep me safe, O God; you are my hope.
or:
R. Alleluia.

AlleluiaPS 118:24

R. Alleluia, alleluia.
This is the day the LORD has made;
let us be glad and rejoice in it.
R. Alleluia, alleluia.

GospelMT 28:8-15

Mary Magdalene and the other Mary went away quickly from the tomb,
fearful yet overjoyed,
and ran to announce the news to his disciples.
And behold, Jesus met them on their way and greeted them.
They approached, embraced his feet, and did him homage.
Then Jesus said to them, “Do not be afraid.
Go tell my brothers to go to Galilee,
and there they will see me.”

While they were going, some of the guard went into the city
and told the chief priests all that had happened.
The chief priests assembled with the elders and took counsel;
then they gave a large sum of money to the soldiers,
telling them, “You are to say,
‘His disciples came by night and stole him while we were asleep.’
And if this gets to the ears of the governor,
we will satisfy him and keep you out of trouble.”
The soldiers took the money and did as they were instructed.
And this story has circulated among the Jews to the present day.

Sunday, March 27, 2016

#BreakingNews Fr. Tom was Crucified by ISIS on Good Friday - Priest Kidnapped after Mother Teresa Sisters' murdered


Cardinal Schönborn of Vienna has confirmed last night, that the Salesian priest, Fr. Thomas Uzhunnalil was crucified by ISIS on Good Friday. Father Tom was with the Sisters of Mother Teresa who were killed in Yemen. May he Rest in Peace. Source Salzburg.com/

#BREAKING Mother Angelica founder of EWTN dies on Easter - RIP at age 92 - SHARE

Mother Angelica, the founder of the  Eternal Word Television Network has died on Sunday, March 27, 2016 at the age of 92. This is due to the "after effects of a stroke." “Mother has always and will always personify EWTN, the network that God asked her to found,” was the statement released by EWTN Chairman Michael Warsaw. Mother suffered a severe cerebral hemorrhage on Christmas Eve 2001 from which she never fully recovered. She was born with the name Rita Rizzo in Canton, Ohio, in 1923. Rita then entered the Poor Clares of Perpetual Adoration monastery in Cleveland at age 21. However she opened a new monastery in Alabama in 1962. History was made when with only $200, she began broadcasting a religious talk show from a TV studio at the monastery in 1981.  EWTN Catholic Network TV networks reach over 258 million households in over 145 counties. The National Catholic Register newspaper, and the Catholic News Agency both belong to EWTN.  The nonprofit organization received $46 million in 2013 nearly all from donations. Father Frank Pavone  the National Director of Priests for Life said “We have all lost a friend, a mentor, a spiritual mother, a voice of conscience, and a source of laughter and encouragement.” “I was able to thank her again personally for all she has done when I said Mass in her room just two weeks ago on March 13th and blessed her with a first class relic of Pope Saint John Paul II.” The Bishop of Birmingham n Alabama Robert J. Baker, also released a statement on WBRC-TV, "Mother Angelica brought the truth and the love and the life of the Gospel of Jesus to so many people, not only to our Catholic household of faith, but to many thousands of people who are not Catholic, in that beautiful way she had of touching lives, bringing so many people into the Catholic Faith." May she Rest in Peace.

Saint March 28 : St. Venturino of Bergamo : #Dominican

ST. VENTURINO OF BERGAMO
Feastday: March 28
 Birth: 1304
 Death: 1346
 Dominican preacher and missionary crusader. A native of Bergamo, Italy, he joined the Dominicans in 1319 and soon distinguished himself as a brilliant preacher, attracting huge crowds throughout northern Italy. Pleased with his ability to reach large numbers of believers, he announced in 1335 his intention to go on a pilgrimage to Rome. When Pope Benedict XII (r. 1334-1342) learned of the pilgrimage, he feared Venturino might be planning to crown himself pope, and so forbade the friar to proceed. Thisdecree was joined by one issued by the Dominicans themselves at the Chapter in London (1335). Ignorant of these bans, Venturino proceeded to Rome and then to Avignon where he was arrested and imprisoned until 1343. He is also known for helping to organize a crusade, at the behest of PopeClement VI (r. 1342-1352), against the Turks who were then menacing Europe.
Shared from Goasodiocese

#BreakingNews 65 Killed and over 280 Injured at Suicide Bombing in Pakistan Christian area targeted - Please PRAY

At least 65 people have been killed and 280 injured in an explosion at a park in the Pakistani city of Lahore.  Christian Persecution has indicated that Christian families out for the Easter weekend may have been the target. The main gate at Gulshan-e-Iqbal park near children's swings was the area. Most of the dead and injured were women and children. Lahore is the capital of Punjab. This is Pakistan's largest and wealthiest province. The country's President, Mamnoon Hussain, has condemned the explosion and the government has announced three days of mourning.  Pakistan has undergone many attacks by the Taliban group. Please PRAY for Peace in Pakistan.

#Top 10 Easter Songs to SHARE of All Time - Amazing #Traditional #Hymns that still Inspire...

1. "Victimae Pascaeli Laudes" Victimae Paschali Laudes is one of four medieval sequences that were preserved in the Missale Romanum published in 1570 after the Council of Trent (1545-63). Victimae paschali laudes immolent Christiani. Agnus redemit oves: Christus innocens Patri reconciliavit peccatores.  Mors et vita duello conflixere mirando: dux vitae mortuus, regnat vivus. Dic nobis Maria, quid vidisti in via? Sepulcrum Christi viventis, et gloriam vidi resurgentis: Angelicos testes, sudarium, et vestes. Surrexit Christus spes mea: praecedet suos [vos] in Galilaeam.  [Credendum est magis soli Mariae veraci Quam Judaeorum Turbae fallaci.] Scimus Christum surrexisse a mortuis vere: tu nobis, victor Rex, miserere. [Amen.] [Alleluia.]
English: Let Christians offer sacrificial praises to the passover victim. The lamb has redeemed the sheep: The Innocent Christ has reconciled the sinners to the Father. Death and life contended in a spectacular battle: the Prince of life, who died, reigns alive. Tell us, Mary, what did you see on the road? "I saw the tomb of the living Christ and the glory of his rising, The angelic witnesses, the clothes and the shroud." "Christ my hope is arisen; into Galilee, he will go before his own." [Happy they who bear the witness Mary's word believing above the tales of Jewry deceiving.] We know Christ is truly risen from the dead! To us, victorious King, have mercy! Amen. [Alleluia.]2.O Filii et Filiae O Sons and Daughters (Filii et Filiae) Composed by Jean Tisserand O.F.M. Sung by the Daughters of Mary
more common versions. Alleluia, Alleluia, Alleluia. Alleluia, Alleluia, Alleluia. O filii et filiae,Rex caelestis, Rex gloriae, morte surrexit hodie.
R. Alleluia Ye sons and daughters of the Lord, the King of glory, King adored,this day Himself from death restored.
R. Alleluia, Ex mane prima Sabbati ad ostium monumenti accesserunt discipuli.
R. Alleluia All in the early morning gray went holy women on their way, to see the tomb where Jesus lay.
R. Alleluia Et Maria Magdalene, et Iacobi, et Salome Venerunt corpus ungere
R. Alleluia Of spices pure a precious store in their pure hands these women bore, to anoint the sacred Body o'er.
R. Alleluia In albis sedens angelus praedixit mulieribus: In Galilaea est Dominus.
R. Alleluia The straightaway one in white they see, who saith, "seek the Lord: but He is risen and gone to Galilee."
R. Alleluia Et Ioannes apostolus cucurrit Petro citius, monumento venit prius.
R. Alleluia This told they Peter, told John; who forthwith to the tomb are gone, but Peter is by John outrun.
R. Alleluia Discipulis astantibus, in medio stetit Christus, dicens: Pax vobis omnibus.
R. Alleluia That self-same night, while out of fear the doors where shut, their Lord most dear to His Apostles did appear.
R. Alleluia Ut intellexit Didymus quia surrexerat Iesus, remansit fere dubius.
R. Alleluia But Thomas, when of this he heard, was doubtful of his brethren's word; wherefore again there comes the Lord.
R. Alleluia Vide Thoma, vide latus, vide pedes, vide manus, noli esse incredulus. R. Alleluia "Thomas, behold my side," saith He; "My hands, My feet, My body see, and doubt not, but believe in Me." R. Alleluia Quando Thomas vidit Christum, pedes, manus, latus suum, dixit: Tu es Deus meus. R. Alleluia When Thomas saw that wounded side, the truth no longer he denied; "Thou art my Lord and God!" he cried.
R. Alleluia Beati qui non viderunt et firmiter crediderunt; vitam aeternam habebunt.
R. Alleluia Oh, blest are they who have not seen their Lord and yet believe in Him! eternal life awaitheth them.
R. Alleluia In hoc festo sanctissimo sit laus et iubilatio: benedicamus Domino.
R. Alleluia Now let us praise the Lord most high, and strive His name to magnify on this great day, through earth and sky:
R. Alleluia Ex quibus nos humillimas devotas atque debitas Deo dicamus gratias.
R. Alleluia Whose mercy ever runneth o'er; Whom men and Angel hosts adore; to Him be glory evermore.
R. Alleluia3. Regina Caeli, Chant O Queen of heaven, rejoice, alleluia, Because the Son you were chosen to bear, alleluia, Has risen as he foretold, alleluia! Pray for us, oh, pray to God, alleluia! 
Latin: Regina coeli, laetare, alleluia Quia quem meruisti portare, alleluia Resurrexit sicut dixit, alleluia Ora pro nobis Deum, alleluia. 4."Allelujah, Sing to Jesus"

1 Alleluia! Sing to Jesus!
His the scepter, his the throne;
Alleluia! His the triumph,
his the victory alone.
Hark! The songs of peaceful Zion
thunder like a mighty flood.
Jesus, out of every nation,
has redeemed us by his blood.
 
2 Alleluia! Not as orphans
are we left in sorrow now;
Alleluia! He is near us;
faith believes nor questions how.
Though the cloud from sight received him
when the forty days were o'er,
shall our hearts forget his promise, "I am with you evermore"?
 
3 Alleluia! Heavenly High Priest,
here on earth our help, our stay;
Alleluia! Hear the sinful
cry to you from day to day.
Intercessor, friend of sinners,
earth's Redeemer, hear our plea,
where the songs of all the sinless
sweep across the crystal sea.
 
4 Alleluia! King eternal,
you the Lord of lords we own:
Alleluia! born of Mary,
earth your footstool, heaven your throne:
you within the veil, have entered,
robed in flesh, our great High Priest:
by your Spirit, left us heavenward,
 in the Eucharistic feast! 5."Allelujah, Allelujah, Give Thanks"
 Tune: Alleluia No. 1 Meter: 99 and Refrain
 Composer: Donald Emry Fishel  Alleluia, Alleluia Alleluia, alleluia, give thanks to the risen Lord -  Lyrics
Refrain: Alleluia, Alleluia Give thanks to the risen Lord Alleluia, alleluia, give praise to His name
 Jesus is Lord of all the earth He is the King of creation Ref.
Spread the good news o'er all the earth Jesus has died and has risen Ref.
 We have been crucified with Christ Now we shall live forever Ref.6."Jesus Christ is Risen Today"

Easter Hymn (Lyra Davidica, 1708;
 arranged by William Henry Monk, 1823-1889)
ENGLISH:
1 Jesus Christ is risen today, Alleluia!
our triumphant holy day, Alleluia!
who did once upon the cross, Alleluia!
suffer to redeem our loss. Alleluia!
 
2 Hymns of praise then let us sing, Alleluia!
unto Christ, our heavenly King, Alleluia!
who endured the cross and grave, Alleluia!
sinners to redeem and save. Alleluia!
 
3 But the pains which he endured, Alleluia!
our salvation have procured. Alleluia!
Now above the sky he's King, Alleluia!
where the angels ever sing. Alleluia!
 
4 Sing we to our God above, Alleluia!
praise eternal as God's love. Alleluia!
Praise our God, ye heavenly host, Alleluia!
 Father, Son, and Holy Ghost. Alleluia!7."At the Lamb's High Feast We Sing" 
By: office hymn, 17th cent.
Author: Bohemian Brethren
Tune: Sonne Der Gerechtigkeit
At the Lamb’s high feast we sing
Praise to our victorious king,
Who has washed us in the tide
Flowing from his pierced side.
Alleluia!

Praise we him, whose love divine
Gives his sacred blood for wine,
Gives his body for the feast
Christ the victim, Christ the priest.
Alleluia!

Where the paschal blood is poured,
Death’s dread angel sheathes the sword;
Israel’s hosts triumphant go
Through the wave that drowns the foe.
Alleluia!

Praise we Christ, whose blood was shed,
Paschal victim, paschal bread;
With sincerity and love
Eat we manna from above.
Alleluia!

Mighty Victim from the sky,
Hell’s fierce powers beneath you lie;
You have conquered in the fight
You have brought us life and light.
Alleluia!

Now no more can death appall,
Now no more the grave enthrall;
You have opened paradise,
And your saints in you shall rise.
Alleluia!

Easter triumph, Easter joy!
This alone can sin destroy;
From sin’s power, Lord, set us free,
Newborn souls in you to be.
Alleluia!

Father, who the crown shall give,
Savior, by whose death we live,
Spirit, guide through all our days;
Three in One, Your name we praise.
Alleluia!

 8."The Strife is O'er" 
"The Strife is O'er, the Battle Done"
by unknown author, 1695
Translated by Francis Pott, 1832-19091. Alleluia! Alleluia! Alleluia!
The strife is o'er, the battle done;
Now is the Victor's triumph won;
Now be the song of praise begun.
Alleluia!
2. Death's mightiest powers have done their worst,
And Jesus hath His foes dispersed;
Let shouts of praise and joy outburst.
Alleluia!
3. On the third morn He rose again
Glorious in majesty to reign;
Oh, let us swell the joyful strain!
Alleluia!
4. He closed the yawning gates of hell;
The bars from heaven's high portals fell.
Let songs of praise His triumph tell.
Alleluia!
5. Lord, by the stripes which wounded Thee.
From death's dread sting Thy servants free
That we may live and sing to Thee.
Alleluia! 9."That Eastertide with Joy was Bright" 
Words: Un­known au­thor, 5th Cen­tu­ry (Au­ro­ra lu­cis ru­ti­lat); trans­lated from La­tin to Eng­lish in Hymns An­cient and Mo­dern, 1861, based on John M. Neale’s text.
Music: Pu­er No­bis Nas­ci­tur, Trier man­u­script, 15th Cen­tu­ry, adapt­ed by Mi­chael Prae­tor­i­us, 1609; har­mo­ny by George R. Wood­ward, 1910 
  • Tristes Erant, Wil­liam H. Monk, 1861 


That Eastertide with joy was bright,
The sun shone out with fairer light,
When, to their longing eyes restored,
The glad apostles saw their Lord.
He bade them see His hands, His side,
Where yet the glorious wounds abide;
The tokens true which made it plain
Their Lord indeed was risen again.
Jesus, the King of gentleness,
Do Thou Thyself our hearts possess
That we may give Thee all our days
The tribute of our grateful praise.
O Lord of all, with us abide
In this our joyful Eastertide;
From every weapon death can wield
Thine own redeemed forever shield.
All praise be Thine, O risen Lord,
From death to endless life restored;
All praise to God the Father be
And Holy Ghost eternally. 10.Hallelujah Chorus
The Hallelujah Chorus is part of the oratorio Messiah by Handel, concluding the second of three parts.  The text of the chorus are taken from the King James Bible.
In many parts of the world it is traditional for the audience to stand during the Hallelujah Chorus. Legend has it that King George II was so moved by the music that he stood to his feet when he heard it, requiring that his subjects followed suit. 
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