VATICAN CITY, 12 JUL 2011 (VIS) - The Holy Father appointed Fr. Jean-Claude Hollerich S.J., vice rector of Sophia Universityin Tokyo, Japan, as archbishop of Luxembourg (area 2,586, population 500,000, Catholics 395,000, priests 211, permanent deacons 6, religious 636), Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. The archbishop-elect was born in Differdange, Grand Duchy of Luxembourg in 1958 and ordained a priest in 1990. He succeeds Archbishop Fernand Franck, whose resignation from the pastoral care of the same archdiocese the Holy Father accepted, upon having reached the age limit. (image source: Radio Vaticana)
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JESUSCARITASEST.ORG REPORT: Many international aid agencies have confirmed that Eastern Africa is experiencing one its worst droughts in history. 10 million people are in danger. Thousands of Somalis are leaving their country.
Vatican City (AsiaNews) – As requested by many of the faithful, priests and bishops of China, the Congregation for the Evangelisation of Peoples issued today a statement to clarify the situation of the bishops who took part in the unlawful ordination in Leshan on 29 June (see Jian Mai, “Leshan: seven legitimate bishops take part in Episcopal ordination that had no papal mandate,” in AsiaNews, 29 June 2011). Structured as a set of questions and answers, like a short catechism, the text is only for pastoral purposes, even though it closely respects Canon Law. The text explains a previous statement by the Holy See on the Leshan ordination (see Bernardo Cervellera, “The Holy See condemns Leshan ordination,” in AsiaNews, 4 July 2011). In it, the ordained bishop (Fr Lei Shiyin) and seven ordaining bishops were informed of their excommunication.
In the answers provided today, the causes and effects of the excommunication are specified. How the latter can be reversed is also explained. It is made clear that Fr Lei will not be considered a bishop of the Catholic Church even if his excommunication were cancelled.
Priests and believers in China are especially urged to pray for their pastors.
Here is the full text of the answers, also available on the Catholics in China website.
The text is released on the eve of another unlawful Episcopal ordination in Shantou (Guangdong).
This is a response from the Congregation for the Evangelisation of Peoples to questions raised by the faithful in China regarding the Declaration of the Holy See (4 July 2011) on the illegitimate Episcopal ordination of Leshan (29 June 2011).
The response given here is of merely pastoral concern.
Some experts of Canon Law have been consulted in articulating the answer.
Regarding Fr. Paul Lei Shiyin
1. Is Father Paul Lei Shiyin now in the state of latae sententiaeexcommunication?
Yes! By the very act of receiving Episcopal ordination without the pontifical mandate, Fr. Lei has already incurred the latae sententiae excommunication (See Can. 1382) which is further “declared” publicly by the Holy See. Excommunication is a very severe form of penalty in the Church that excludes the excommunicated person from the visible communion of the faithful.
2. What does it mean by a public declaration of this kind?
A public declaration of a latae sententiae penalty in the Church is intended to make it clear to the offender that he has incurred the prescribed canonical sanction, and to make known to the faithful the canonical situation of the offender. In the present case, it is also meant to summon Fr. Lei to repent at once by approaching the Holy See (Can. 1382). At the same time, this public declaration urges vigorous action to be taken by the Church in China (namely Bishops, Priests, Religious, and Laity) to resist any form of illegitimate Episcopal ordination. A declared excommunication is a “must” for the Holy See, if circumstances should at any time oblige and, above all, when the good of the souls is seriously at stake.
3. Does excommunication mean being expelled from the Church?
No. The Church has both visible social and invisible mystical dimensions. The excommunicated person, to a certain extent, is excluded from active participation in Catholic community life in a visible social sense with all its juridical effects (Can. 1331). The same person by virtue of the baptism remains a member of the Church—the mystical body of Christ. That is why he can still approach the Holy See, which is the only place he can go for reconciliation.
4. What are the juridical effects of Can. 1331?
The excommunicated person is forbidden to celebrate the Holy Mass, to administer/receive sacraments, or to hold any ecclesial office. He, though ordained bishop, has no power to govern the diocese. Thus, priests and faithful (except for grave cause, e.g., in point of death) should not only avoid receiving sacraments from him, but also keep him away from celebrating all forms of liturgy or Ecclesial ceremony, and to suspend the liturgy or ceremony, in case he does not observe the prohibition. In short, such penalty deprives the excommunicated person from some spiritual good, so that through this “medicinal” penalty he may soon come to real repentance.
5. Can Fr. Lei be forgiven?
Yes. The “public declaration” is meant precisely for that. Fr. Lei has to immediately approach the Holy See for forgiveness. Then, he has to implement meticulously the instruction given to him by the Holy See. Afterwards, the Holy Father, based on his true repentance, removes his excommunication. Until then, he will remain excommunicated.
6. Once his excommunication is removed, can Fr. Lei automatically exercise the Episcopal ministry?
No, he cannot. The removal of excommunication is one thing; and the Episcopal appointment is another. These two things are distinct. The Holy See has so far expressed that for some serious reasons Fr. Lei cannot be appointed bishop. In other words, even if his excommunication is removed, he is not entitled to acting like a bishop, wearing a bishop’s insignia, and being addressed as bishop.
Regarding the Consecrating Bishops
7. What is the current status of the seven consecrating bishops?
They have exposed themselves to the grave canonical sanctions laid down by the law of the Church (Declaration 04.07.2011). This means that “when an external violation has occurred, imputability is presumed unless it is otherwise apparent” (Can 1321, §3). The “presumed imputability” means that there is a sufficient reason to ascertain that these bishops actually committed a grave act of indiscipline through the illegitimate Episcopal ordination and, thus, are presumed to have incurred the excommunication, unless the contrary is proved.
8. Can they continue their normal Episcopal ministry?
No, they may not do so, as long as their “presumed imputability” is not removed.
9. What should they do?
First and foremost, it is their duty to immediately approach the Holy See for forgiveness and to explain reasons for which they have participated in the illegitimate Episcopal ordination and wait for the reply from the Holy See.
10. What, if a consecrating bishop in his conscience holds that he has not incurred the excommunication?
“Conscience” is a sacred place where the bishop in question has to stay honest to God. However, other people cannot see through his conscience. As long as the “presumed imputability” is not removed, the bishop in question has to abstain from all public ministries. In the meantime, he remains obliged to approach the Holy See.
11. Should their priests and faithful avoid receiving sacraments administered by them?
Yes, they should, not because the priests and faithful are in a position to judge the conscience of the bishop in question, but because the “presumed imputability” is not yet removed.
12. What else can the priests and faithful do when the “presumed imputability” of a consecrating bishop is not yet removed?
First of all, they should remain firm in their faith and keep safeguarding the unity of the community. As to their bishop with “presumed imputability”, the priests and faithful are very much encouraged to pray for him and to remind him, when needed, of the teaching of the Church. Illegitimate Episcopal ordination does not only violate seriously the discipline or obfuscate the doctrine, but above all profoundly wound the communion of the Church.
Prayer is of utmost importance that our pastors be always strengthened and accompanied by the Lord. In fact, in China there are admirable bishops. “We must thank the Lord”, said the Holy Father, “for this constant presence, not without suffering, of Bishops who have received Episcopal ordination in conformity with Catholic tradition, that is to say, in communion with the Bishop of Rome, Successor of Peter, and at the hands of validly and legitimately ordained Bishops in observance of the rite of the Catholic Church.” (N.8 Letter of Benedict XVI to the Church in China).
|Bishop Anthony with newly instituted lector Thomas Bui (third from left), Thomas's fellow Catholic Diocese of Parramatta seminarians and Holy Spirit Seminary Rector Fr John Hogan (far left).|
Photo: Alphonsus Fok & Grace Lu
DIOCESE OF PARRAMATTA REPORT: Catholic Diocese of Parramatta seminarian Thomas Bui was instituted as a lector by Most Rev Anthony Fisher OP at St Patrick's Cathedral on Sunday 10 July.
"In Jesus Christ the Word of God, spoken by the Father from all eternity, was spoken in time to us. In Christ the divine Word took human flesh," Bishop Anthony said in his homily.
"Through Him all things necessary to us were made known and then entrusted to the Church to be proclaimed to all the world, from Jerusalem to Quang Tri in Central Vietnam, from Rome to Parramatta."
Bishop Anthony said that as a reader and in due course a preacher of God’s word, Thomas will assist in this mission, assuming a special office as lector within the Christian community.
"You will be given a responsibility in the service of the Faith, which is always rooted in the word of God," Bishop Anthony said.
"From today you may proclaim that word in the liturgical assembly, catechise children and adults, and prepare people to receive the sacraments worthily.
"You will also bring the message of salvation to those who have not yet received it. Thus with your help men and women will come to know God our Father and Christ whose Word He spoke to us so that we might have eternal life.
"Take that Word deeply to heart, ponder it day and night, so that each day your love of the Scriptures deepens. In all you say and do you show forth to the world our Saviour, Jesus Christ, and the Creator Father of this wonderful creation, so that in the words of our First Reading the Word that goes forth from the mouth of God may not return empty but may accomplish that for which it was spoken."
St. John Gualbert
Feast: July 12
ST. JOHN GUALBERT was born at Florence, A. D. 999. Following the profession of arms at that troubled period, he became involved in a blood-feud with a near relative. One Good Friday, as he was riding into Florence accompanied by armed men, he encountered his enemy in a place where neither could avoid the other. John would have slain him; but his adversary, who was totally unprepared to fight, fell upon his knees with his arms stretched out in the form of a cross, and implored him, for the sake of Our Lord's holy Passion, to spare his life. St. John said to his enemy, "I cannot refuse what you ask in Christ's name. I grant you your life, and I give you my friendship. Pray that God may forgive me my sin." Grace triumphed. A humble and changed man, he entered the Church of St. Miniato, which was near; and whilst he prayed, the figure of our crucified Lord, before which he was kneeling, bowed its head toward him as if to ratify his pardon. Abandoning the world, he gave himself up to prayer and penance in the Benedictine Order. Later he was led to found the congregation called of Vallombrosa, from the shady valley a few miles from Florence, where he established his first monastery. Once the enemies of the Saint came to his convent of St. Salvi, plundered it, and set fire to it, and having treated the monks with ignominy, beat them and wounded them. St. John rejoiced. "Now," he said, "you are true monks. Would that I myself had had the honor of being with you when the soldiers came, that I might have had a share in the glory of your crowns! " He fought manfully against simony, and in many ways promoted the interest of the Faith in Italy. After a life of great austerity, he died whilst the angels were singing round his bed, July 11, 1073.