Tuesday, November 24, 2009
CATHOLIC WORLD NEWS: TUES. NOV. 24, 2009: HEADLINES-
VATICAN: CULTURAL PATRIMONY OF CHURCH, WORLD DAY FOR MIGRANTS -
AMERICA: USA: ST. LOUIS EXCOMMUNICATED PRIEST WILLING TO STEP DOWN-
EUROPE: DOCTOR EVALUATES SITUATIONS WITH PARALYZED MAN -
ASIA: PHILLIPINES: CNN HERO OF THE YEAR PROVIDES INSPIRATION -
AFRICA: ZIMBABWE: PRIEST ATTACKED BY SOLDIERS-
AUSTRALIA: CARDINAL PELL EXPRESSES TREPIDATION OVER RIGHTS COMMISSION-
CULTURAL PATRIMONY OF CHURCH, WORLD DAY FOR MIGRANTS
(VIS) - In the Holy See Press Office at 11.30 a.m. on Thursday 26 November, Archbishop Gianfranco Ravasi and Francesco Buranelli, respectively president and secretary of the Pontifical Commission for the Cultural Patrimony of the Church, will present a press conference marking the twentieth anniversary of their dicastery. On Friday 27 November, also in the Holy See Press Office, the presentation will take place of the Holy Father’s Message for the ninety-sixth World Day of Migrants and Refugees. The Day, due to be celebrated on 17 January 2010, has as its theme: “Underage migrants and refugees”. Participating in Friday's press conference will be Archbishop Antonio Maria Veglio, Archbishop Agostino Marchetto and Msgr. Novatus Rugambwa, respectively president, secretary and under secretary of the Pontifical Council for the Pastoral Care of Migrants and Itinerant Peoples.OP/CULTURAL PATRIMONY MIGRANTS/... VIS 091124 ()
USA: ST. LOUIS EXCOMMUNICATED PRIEST WILLING TO STEP DOWN
CNA reports that the excommunicated priest of a breakaway St. Louis parish has said he would be willing to step down if it would help the parish.
Fr. Marek Bozek had left his previous position without the permission of his bishop to become the pastor of St. Stanislaus Kostka Church in December 2005. The parish, which is owned and governed by a secular corporation, had resisted the Archdiocese of St. Louis’ efforts to bring parish bylaws into accordance with canon law.
After years of dispute, in 2008 the then-Archbishop Raymond Burke declared Fr. Bozek and the parish board members to be excommunicated and the parish to be schismatic, though some board members have since reconciled with the Catholic Church.
"If it is necessary for me to step aside and continue my ministry elsewhere, I am willing to do that so long as I know that you will not go without pastoral care and the Sacrament," Fr. Bozek said on Sunday, according to the St. Louis Post-Dispatch. "I do not want my personal circumstances to impede what is best for St. Stanislaus."
In July 2008 the archdiocese and former parishioners of St. Stanislaus Kostka, who included half of the church’s board of directors, filed a lawsuit seeking to have the church’s pre-2001 bylaws restored. The church’s board rewrote the bylaws in 2001 and again in 2004, eventually eliminating the archbishop’s authority to appoint board members and the pastor.
Fr. Bozek did not comment on whether his announcement was due to the pending litigation. The lawsuit is scheduled to go before trial in St. Louis Circuit Court in February, 2010.
Bernard Huger, an attorney for the archdiocese, said if the priest’s departure provides an opportunity for the parish’s reconciliation it would be “a wonderful thing.”
"Clearly we don't want to have a trial, we just want to have St. Stanislaus returned as a Catholic parish," he told the St. Louis Post-Dispatch.
According to Huger, Archbishop Robert Carlson, the successor of Archbishop Burke, had made it clear to St. Stanislaus attorneys that he was “most willing to resolve this.”
Fr. Bozek has reportedly supported homosexuality in the Church and women’s ordination. In January he was laicized by Pope Benedict XVI.
St. Stanislaus member Diana Daley, speaking after Mass on Sunday, said that the priest was “bringing people back while the rest of the Catholic Church is driving them away.”
“He says he's willing to step down, but if he does, they might as well close this church.”
Grzegorz Koltuniak, a longtime parishioner critical of Fr. Bozek, told the Post-Dispatch that he had been waiting for the resignation announcement “from the beginning.”(source: http://www.catholicnewsagency.com/new.php?n=17810
DOCTOR EVALUATES SITUATIONS WITH PARALYZED MAN
CNA reports that a paralyzed man who was misdiagnosed as comatose for 23 years is again communicating with the world after new brain scans showed he was in fact conscious. A Catholic bioethics expert suggests the case shows the wisdom of Catholic teaching on the duty to provide sustenance for those believed to be comatose.
Rom Houben, a former martial arts enthusiast, was paralyzed in a 1983 car crash. The Daily Mail reports that his doctors in Zolder, Belgium used the internationally accepted Glasgow Coma Scale to assess his physical and verbal responses, but each time he was graded incorrectly.
“I screamed, but there was nothing to hear,” said Houben, who after therapy now communicates with the aid of a computer. “I dreamed myself away.”
Three years ago, new technology scans showed Houben’s brain was still functioning almost completely normally. His case has just been reported in a scientific paper by the doctor who discovered the mistake, neurological expert Dr. Steven Laureys of the Coma Science Group and Department of Neurology at Liege University Hospital.
Laureys’ re-evaluation of Houben showed that the patient had lost control of his body but was still fully aware of what was happening.
“Frustration is too small a word to describe what I felt,” Houben said. “I shall never forget the day when they discovered what was truly wrong with me - it was my second birth.”
Dr. Laureys explained that medical advances caught up with the patient. His study claims that there may be many similar cases of false comas around the world, the Daily Mail reports.
According to Dr. Laureys, in Germany alone about 100,000 people suffer from severe traumatic brain injury each year. About 20,000 injuries are followed by a coma of three weeks or longer.
“Some of them die, others regain health. But an estimated 3,000 to 5,000 people a year remain trapped in an intermediate stage - they go on living without ever coming back again,” he added.
“Anyone who bears the stamp of ‘unconscious’ just one time hardly ever gets rid of it again,” he remarked.
Houben may never leave the hospital, but he now has a special device which lets him read books lying down.
“I want to read, talk with my friends via the computer and enjoy my life now that people know I am not dead,” he said, according to the Daily Mail.
Catholic News Agency spoke about the case in a Monday phone interview with John Haas, President of the Philadelphia-based National Catholic Bioethics Center.
Houben’s mistaken diagnosis was a “perfect example” of why artificial nutrition and hydration should be continued, Haas said.
He reported that the U.S. Catholic bishops last week passed a modified version of Directive 58 of the Ethical and Religious Directives (ERDs) for Catholic healthcare. This directive spoke of “the moral obligation to continue to provide hydration and nutrition to patients in a compromised state,” Haas said.
“This obligation extends to patients in chronic conditions (e.g. the 'persistent vegetative state') who can reasonably be expected to live indefinitely if given such care,” the ERD read.
“The bishops have always held to that position,” Haas explained, but some other Catholic voices have not.
In 2004, Haas noted, Pope John Paul II delivered an allocution in which he again said it is necessary to provide hydration and nutrition as long as it is “achieving its end” of nurturing the body.
Houben’s recovery, he said, would seem to be “a case where the Church’s position was actually ahead of the curve.”
Asked about Dr. Laureys’ comments about the difficulty of a patient permanently labeled as “unconscious,” Haas said he hoped health care providers would not have negative attitudes towards such patients.
However, he noted that Pope John Paul II described how “regrettable” it was that the medical term for such patients was “persistent vegetative state.”
Some doctors’ comments and medical terminologies “do tend to devalue and demean these people, which is really unfortunate.”
He said the case could help confirm the position of those who oppose physician-assisted suicide, but where the practice is legalized the patients are generally required to be conscious and responsive.
However, Houben’s case would be relevant to those with advanced medical directives who say they want artificial hydration and nutrition removed if they are unconscious and unlikely ever to wake.
The Catholic tradition holds that hydration and nutrition cannot be removed if a person will die of dehydration and starvation, Haas reiterated.(SOURCE: http://www.catholicnewsagency.com/new.php?n=17813
PHILLIPINES: CNN HERO OF THE YEAR PROVIDES INSPIRATION
UCAN reports that CNN Hero of the Year Efren Penaflorida will provide inspiration for other young people at the Asian Youth Day, the organizing bishop says.
Efren Penaflorida, CNN Hero of the Year, started the 'pushcart classroom' to bring education to poor children
His award "would surely be very much a part of our celebration of Asian Youth Day (AYD) because he has done such a great thing!" Bishop-elect Joel Baylon of Legazpi told UCA News.
The fifth AYD, launched on Nov. 23, is being held in Cavite, Penaflorida's home province, just southwest of Manila.
CNN anchorman Anderson Cooper presented the award to Penaflorida, 28, at a ceremony in Los Angeles on Saturday evening in recognition of his work of using a "pushcart classroom" to educate street children.
Penaflorida's work is credited with helping poor children stay away from gangs and crime. Penaflorida received a U$100,000 prize from CNN to continue his project.
In 12 years, he and a group of teenaged volunteers have taught more than 1,500 children aged two to 14 reading, writing, math and English.
Bishop Baylon, who heads the Philippine bishops' Commission on Youth, said that Penaflorida would set a great example for young people. He "is truly an inspiration," the bishop said.
However, he warned that people ministering to youth "should make it clear that being recognized is not a prerequisite for heroism."
Bishop Baylon noted the CNN award for Penaflorida comes just after Manny Pacquiao's world welterweight championship victory against Puerto Rican Miguel Cotto on Nov. 15.
The Asian Youth Day logo: The cross symbolizes the centrality of Jesus Christ. The colors of the Philippine flag indicate the host country. Five heads forming a cup represent the sub-regionsof Asia. The sun symbolizes the availability ofthe Philippines Church to serve the young
"Manny Pacquiao has done great things and also gained many awards and admirers, but it (the CNN award) reminds us there are other forms of heroism and there are many people who do great work quietly."
The current AYD, organized by the Youth Desk of the Federation of Asian Bishops' Conferences' Office of Laity, has the theme, "YAsia Festival! Young Asians: Come Together, Share the Word, Live the Eucharist."
Some 1,500 young Asians are expected to take part in an eight-day pilgrimage focused on the Eucharist. The pilgrimage comprises a three-day immersion course followed by five days of plenary sessions, workshops and liturgical activities.
This Asian Youth Day aims to inspire Asian Catholics to continue and live their faith "passionately, in a more dedicated way," Youth Desk head Jessica Joy Candelario told UCA News.
AYD is held during the years in which no international World Youth Day celebration is organized. After the first AYD in Thailand in 1999, it was held in Taiwan in 2001, in India in 2003 and in Hong Kong in 2006.
ZIMBABWE: PRIEST ATTACKED BY SOLDIERS
Cath News reports that Father Wolfgang Thamm who has worked in Zimbabwe for 51 years, was attacked by soldiers while on his way to pick up a sick parishioner at a clinic, sparking fears of a resurgence of last year's terror as the country begins potentially divisive consultations for a new constitution.
Father Thamm, 76, was carrying out his Sunday routine of visiting parishioners at home and at hospital on November 15, allAfrica.com reports.
He was signalled to stop at the entrance to army barracks, located along the way to the clinic where a sick parishioner was waiting to be picked up. Four soldiers attacked him after he stopped his car, the report said.
"One of them took off my glasses and hit me on the right eye with a fist," he was quoted saying.
"They dragged me out of the car and pushed me into a large puddle and ordered me to sit in the water. "For a moment I hesitated, but one of them hit me hard and I fell into the dirty pool." (SOURCE: http://www.cathnews.com/article.aspx?aeid=17937
CARDINAL PELL EXPRESSES TREPIDATION OVER RIGHTS COMMISSION
Cath News reports that Sydney's Cardinal George Pell expressed trepidation about the country's proposed human rights commission, telling a gathering of the Australian Christian Lobby that it could expect restrictions on religious people.
He cites his lack of optimism to a statement from the commission's race discrimination commissioner, Tom Calma, who was reported right from the start as expressing his concern about a "growing fundamentalist religious lobby" in matters such as same sex relationships, stem cell research and abortion, according to the Zenit news agency.
The same commissioner jointly delivered in August a conference paper about the inquiry, which began by stating, "The compatibility of religious freedom with human rights is the subject of the most comprehensive study ever undertaken in Australia in this area."
Cardinal Pell was cited saying in a speech to the ACL conference last week that the claim underlying that first phrase: "[T]he clear meaning of these words is that religious freedom is not a human right and may not be compatible with human rights."
"This," the cardinal affirmed, "is an astonishing claim from a senior officer of the body responsible for the protection and advancement of human rights in Australia."
He cautioned that Calma and the other writer of the paper, Conrad Gershevitch, conclude by suggesting a greater role for government in managing religious freedom.
"If these individuals have their way," the prelate said, "religious people in Australia can expect much more government restriction and interference, 'even if gentle and gloved.'"
St. Andrew Dung-Lac
Feast: November 24
1785 in Vietnam
21 December 1839 in Hanoi, Vietnam
19 June 1988 by Pope John Paul II
Vietnamese priest and martyr and companion of St. Peter Thi. Andrew was arrested and beheaded on Dcember 21, 1839, with Peter Thi during the harsh anti-Christian persecutions. He was canonized in 1988.(SOURCE: http://www.ewtn.com/saintsHoly/saints/A/standewdunglac.asp
Luke 21: 5 - 11
And as some spoke of the temple, how it was adorned with noble stones and offerings, he said,
"As for these things which you see, the days will come when there shall not be left here one stone upon another that will not be thrown down."
And they asked him, "Teacher, when will this be, and what will be the sign when this is about to take place?"
And he said, "Take heed that you are not led astray; for many will come in my name, saying, `I am he!' and, `The time is at hand!' Do not go after them.
And when you hear of wars and tumults, do not be terrified; for this must first take place, but the end will not be at once."
Then he said to them, "Nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom;
there will be great earthquakes, and in various places famines and pestilences; and there will be terrors and great signs from heaven.
AMERICA: USCCB: BISHOPS DISAPPOINTED ON ABORTION FUNDING BILL-
EUROPE: ENGLAND: BISHOP SET UP COMMISSION TO HELP ANGLICANS TO CHURCH-
ASIA: CARDINAL ZEN PUBLISHES GUIDELINES FOR POPE'S LETTER-
AFRICA: TANZANIA: PRIEST IN RWANDA CLEARED OF CHARGES-
The bishops called the Senate health care bill an “enormous disappointment” that creates new and unacceptable federal policy for funding and coverage of abortions, as well as rights of conscience. Bishop William Murphy, Cardinal Daniel DiNardo and Bishop John Wester voiced their wish for better health care reform legislation in a November 20 letter to the Senate. They chair the bishops’ Committees on Domestic Justice and Human Development, Pro-Life Activities and Migration, respectively.
The letter, which was accompanied with a fact sheet on the House Stupak Amendment (http://www.usccb.org/mr/mediatalk/StupakAmendmentFactsheet.pdf), urged Senators to improve the Senate health care bill in the key areas of affordability, immigration, federal funding and coverage of abortion and conscience rights.
According to the bishops, the bill “does not live up to President Obama’s commitment of barring the use of federal dollars for abortion and maintaining current conscience laws.” They cited an “abortion surcharge” that would force insurance purchasers to pay for other people’s abortions, provisions that would allow the HHS Secretary to mandate unlimited abortion coverage nationwide, and that the bill does not even allow for religious institutions to offer their own employees coverage that conforms to their institution’s teaching.
“The Catholic bishops have advocated for decades for affordable and accessible health care for all, especially the poor and marginalized,” the bishops said. “The Senate bill makes great progress in covering people in our nation. However, the Senate bill would still leave over 24 million people in our nation without health insurance. This is not acceptable.”
The bishops encouraged expanding Medicaid eligibility for those living at 133 percent or lower of the federal policy level. They also urged an end to the five-year ban on legal immigrants for accessing federal health benefits programs and said that undocumented persons should not be barred from purchasing insurance plans with their own money.
“Providing affordable and accessible health care that clearly reflects these fundamental principles is a public good, moral imperative and urgent national priority,” said the bishops.
The text of the letter can be found online at http://www.usccb.org/sdwp/national/2009-11-20-ltr-usccb-health-care-to-senate.pdf and in Spanish at http://www.usccb.org/sdwp/national/SP_1080_hc_reform_Sen_1120.pdf.
ENGLAND: BISHOP SET UP COMMISSION TO HELP ANGLICANS ENTER CHURCH
CNA reports that the Catholic Bishops of England and Wales have set up a commission to help as many as 200 Anglican congregations join the Catholic Church under the new Apostolic Constitution.
John Broadhurst, the Anglican Bishop of Fulham and chairman of the Anglo-Catholic group Forward in Faith, said mass conversion was a real prospect, the Daily Mail reports.
“We have a thousand priest members in my organization and there are many others who agree with us,” Bishop Broadhurst said. “The main issue for many Anglican priests is now the ownership of parish churches.”
The commission may consider the possibility of church sharing or making 100-year leases of some Anglican buildings.
Apparently in response to news of Pope Benedict XVI’s provision for Anglicans who want to become Catholic, one Anglo-Catholic parish has been vandalized and its vicar has received a threatening phone call.
Fr. David Waller of St. Saviour’s Church in Walthamstow in North East London discovered the church sign defaced with the words “C of E No Pope” painted in white.
According to the Telegraph blogger Damien Thompson, the priest found a message on his answering machine threatening him with physical violence.
However, the message was distorted and “sounded drunken,” the Anglican priest reported, saying he didn’t want to “make too much of it.”
The parish is part of Forward in Faith.
Fr. Waller said that the parish has not made a decision about its future, but he is encouraged by the Pope’s offer of a Personal Ordinariate for Anglicans.
“The key players in the parish, including the churchwardens, are completely disillusioned with the Church of England and see the Ordinariate as the solution,” the priest told Thompson. “I can’t speak for all the silent folk in the pews, but a significant number of them are Eastern European Roman Catholics, so I don’t think it would be a problem for them.”(SOURCE: http://www.catholicnewsagency.com/new.php?n=17809
Cardinal Joseph Zen Ze-kiun
Five hundred copies of the 22-page booklet in Chinese will be distributed to all parishes here before the Sunday of Nov. 29. The text is also expected to be available soon on the diocese's website.
The guide highlights several main points of the papal letter and provides remarks and explanations by the 77-year-old cardinal.
The Pope's letter to Chinese Catholics was released on June 30, 2007. It deals with theological points concerning the Church in China including episcopal appointments, and provides practical guidelines for Church life and evangelization.
Cardinal Zen told UCA News that his guide, entitled "An aid for reading the Holy Father's letter to the Church in China" has been approved by the Vatican.
He said that while the guide did not have the same kind of authority as the Vatican-published compendium to the Pope's letter, released in May, it was a personal attempt to "help my brothers understand the Pope's letter accurately."
"There are still many questions the compendium has not solved," he noted.
Cardinal Zen's guide deals at length with issues regarding the government-approved and "underground" Church communities.
The guide notes that many Chinese Catholics found the Pope's letter contradictory as it asked the "underground" Catholics not to join the government-sanctioned Catholic Patriotic Association (CPA). At the same time it did not demand that "open" or government-approved bishops who are in communion with the Pope leave the CPA despite the fact that the agency interferes in local Church affairs.
"There is no contradiction" in the letter, Cardinal Zen told UCA News.
The hope is that the government-approved bishops would "strive to get away from the state agency and change the current structure eventually," he said.
According to the guide, contradiction lies in the fact that some government-approved bishops, who have been given papal approval, do not act in accordance with their legitimacy.
"How can they be in communion with the Holy See if they openly and repeatedly declare that they support the independent Church?" asked the cardinal.
The guide notes the Pope's letter says there would not be a problem with Catholics receiving official recognition by civil authorities, provided this does not involve the "denial of unrenounceable principles of faith."
However, the cardinal doubted if there is any way underground priests can obtain government recognition and still work freely without compromising these principles.
Reiterating a point made in the compendium, Cardinal Zen said that spiritual reconciliation between underground and government-approved Church communities and a structural merger of the two groups are separate issues which should not be confused.(SOURCE: http://www.ucanews.com/2009/11/24/cardinal-zen-publishes-guide-to-popes-letter/
BBI students will be able to study the existing Bachelor of Theology degree program or one of four new programs; for a Graduate Certificate in Theology, a Diploma in Theology, a Bachelor of Theology (Honours) or a Master of Theology, according to a media release by the institute and the university.
"This partnership provides an essential boost to theological education, which has sadly not been a recognised part of the regular higher education sector," said Professor Terry Lovat, Pro Vice-Chancellor of the Faculty of Education and Arts at the University of Newcastle.
"This is a very exciting time for BBI, as we work with the University of Newcastle in delivering through online, distance and regional face-to-face modes, the highest quality and comprehensive theological education programs in Australia," said Dr Gerard Goldman, Director/Principal of the Broken Bay Institute. (SOURCE: http://www.cathnews.com/article.aspx?aeid=17890
Feast: November 23
540, Leinster, Ireland
23 November 615
Abbey church at Bobbio
This great missionary abbot founded monastic centers in France, Switzerland, and Italy that became centers of evangelization and learning for the whole area. He was a monk of the monastery of Bangor in north Ireland, founded by St. Comgall, one of the notable monastic founders of Ireland.
At Bangor, sanctity and scholarship were prized, and St. Columban became a teacher in the monastic school there. He was born in Leinster, and after a youthful struggle he lived at Cluain Inis for a time. After thirty years at Bangor, he received Comgall's permission to spread the Gospel on the continent of Europe, and taking twelve companions with him he settled in Gaul where the devastation of the barbarian invasions had completely disrupted civil and religious life. Invited by the Merovingian King Childebert, he founded a monastic center in Burgundy at Annegray and two others at Luxeuil and Fontaines. From these three monasteries over two hundred foundations were made, and Columban composed for these monasteries two monastic rules.
With the zeal of a prophet, he attacked the immoral court life of the Merovingian kings, the lax local clergy, and introduced to the continent the Irish penitential system, which became the basis for private confession. Reproving a local king for his immoral life, Columban was expelled from Burgundy, traversed France and Germany, leaving disciples behind to found monasteries, and crossed the Alps to found his most famous monastery at Bobbio in Italy.
He was a firm opponent of Arianism, wrote letters to popes on the religious issues of the day, and left a legacy of writings that deeply influenced the monasticism that came after him.
He impressed his contemporaries as a giant of a man in mind and spirit, who revived religion on the continent and prepared the way for the Carolingian renaissance. He died at Bobbio on November 23, 615, and is buried in the crypt of St. Columban's Church there.
The St. Columban's Missionary Society took its name from him, recognizing in him a missionary genius with a uniquely Irish spirit.
St. Clement I
Feast: November 23
boatmen, marble workers, mariners, sailors, sick children, stonecutters, watermen
According to Tertullian, writing c. 199, the Roman Church claimed that Clement was ordained by St. Peter (De Praescript., xxxii), and St. Jerome tells us that in his time "most of the Latins" held that Clement was the immediate successor of the Apostle (De viris illustr., xv). St. Jerome himself in several other places follows this opinion, but here he correctly states that Clement was the fourth pope. The early evidence shows great variety. The most ancient list of popes is one made by Hegesippus in the time of Pope Anicetus, c. 160 (Harnack ascribes it to an unknown author under Soter, c. 170), cited by St. Epiphanius (Haer., xxvii, 6). It seems to have been used by St. Irenaeus (Haer., III, iii), by Julius Africanus, who composed a chronography in 222, by the third—or fourth-century author of a Latin poem against Marcion, and by Hippolytus, who see chronology extends to 234 and is probably found in the "Liberian Catalogue" of 354. That catalogue was itself adopted in the " Liber Pontificalis ". Eusebius in his chronicle and history used Africanus; in the latter he slightly corrected the dates. St. Jerome's chronicle is a translation of Eusebius's, and is our principal means for restoring the lost Greek of the latter; the Armenian version and Coptic epitomes of it are not to be depended on. The varieties of order are as follows: Linus, Cletus, Clemens (Hegesippus, ap. Epiphanium, Canon of Mass). Linus, Anencletus, Clemens (Irenaeus, Africanus ap. Eusebium). Linus, Anacletus, Clemens (Jerome). Linus, Cletus, Anacletus, Clemens (Poem against Marcion), Linus, Clemens, Cletus, Anacletus [Hippolytus (?), "Liberian Catal."—"Liber. Pont."]. Linus, Clemens, Anacletus (Optatus, Augustine).
At the present time no critic doubts that Cletus, Anacletus, Anencletus, are the same person. Anacletus is a Latin error; Cletus is a shortened (and more Christian) form of Anencletus. Lightfoot thought that the transposition of Clement in the "Liberian Catalogue" was a mere accident, like the similar error "Anicetus, Pius" for "Pius Anicetus", further on in the same list. But it may have been a deliberate alteration by Hippolytus, on the ground of the tradition mentioned by Tertullian. St. Irenaeus (III, iii) tells us that Clement "saw the blessed Apostles and conversed with them, and had yet ringing in his ears the preaching of the Apostles and had their tradition before his eyes, and not he only for many were then surviving who had been taught y the Apostles ". Similarly Epiphanius tells us (from Hegesippus) that Clement was a contemporary of Peter and Paul. Now Linus and Cletus had each twelve years attributed to them in the list. If Hippolytus found Cletus doubled by an error.(Cletus XII, Anacletus XII), the accession of Clement would appear to be thirty-six years after the death of the Apostles. As this would make it almost impossible for Clement to have been their contemporary, it may have caused Hippolytus to shift him to an earlier position. Further, St. Epiphanius says (loc. cit. ): " Whether he received episcopal ordination from Peter in the life-time of the Apostles, and declined the office, for he says in one of his epistles 'I retire, I depart, let the people of God be in peace', (for we have found this set down in certain Memoirs), or whether he was appointed by the Bishop Cletus after he had succeeded the Apostles, we do not clearly know." The "Memoirs" were certainly those of Hegesippus. It seems unlikely that he is appealed to only for the quotation from the Epistle, c. liv; probably Epiphanius means that Hegesippus stated that Clement had been ordained by Peter and declined to be bishop, but twenty-four years later really exercised the office for nine years. Epiphanius could not reconcile these two facts; Hippolytus seems to have rejected the latter.(SOURCE; http://www.ewtn.com/saintsHoly/saints/C/stclementi.asp
Luke 21: 1 - 4
He looked up and saw the rich putting their gifts into the treasury;
and he saw a poor widow put in two copper coins.
And he said, "Truly I tell you, this poor widow has put in more than all of them;
for they all contributed out of their abundance, but she out of her poverty put in all the living that she had."