Thursday, November 4, 2010




MASS FOR DECEASED CARDINALS AND BISHOPS VATICAN CITY, 4 NOV 2010 (VIS REPORT) - This morning in the Vatican Basilica the Pope presided at the traditional November Mass for the souls of cardinals and bishops who died over the course of the year. Members of the College of Cardinals concelebrated with the Holy Father. At the beginning of his homily, Benedict XVI recalled the names of the cardinals who passed away during the last twelve months - Peter Seiichi Shirayanagi, Cahal Brendan Daly, Armand Gaetan Razafindratandra, Tomas Spidlik S.J., Paul Augustin Mayer O.S.B. and Luigi Poggi - expressing his affection for them and for all the other archbishops and bishops who died this year. "We wish to remember these our venerable brothers as zealous pastors whose ministry was always inscribed in that eschatological horizon, which encourages hope in the unblemished happiness we have been promised after this life, as witnesses of the Gospel, ... as Christians, animated by profound faith and by the living desire to conform ourselves to Jesus". The Holy Father then went on to observe that the term "eternal life" designates "the divine gift granted to humankind; i.e., communion with God in this world and its fullness in the next. Eternal life was opened to us by Christ's Paschal Mystery and faith is the way to attain it". Referring then to Jesus' conversation with Nicodemus, as recounted in today's Gospel, the Pope explained how in this exchange Jesus "reveals the most profound meaning of the event of salvation: ... The Son of man must be raised on the wood of the cross so that those who believe in Him might have life. ... The cross, paradoxically, from being a sign of condemnation, death and failure, becomes a sign of redemption, life and victory in which, with the eyes of faith, we can see the fruits of salvation". The salvific significance of the cross "consists in the immense love of God and in the gift of His only-begotten Son. ... The verbs 'to love' and 'to give' indicate a decisive and definitive action expressing the radical way in which God approached man in love, even unto the total giving of self, ... lowering Himself into the abyss of our utter abandonment, and crossing the portal of death. The object and beneficiary of divine Love is the world, in other words humanity. This completely cancels the idea of a distant God divorced from man's journey, and reveals His true face". God "loves without measure. He does not show His omnipotence in punishment, but in mercy and forgiveness". The Holy Father concluded his homily: "Jesus came to save, not to condemn. With the sacrifice of the cross, He revealed the face of God's love. And it is precisely because of our faith in the superabundant love Jesus Christ gave us that we know that even the smallest effort of love is greater that the most powerful destructive force and can transform the world. And because of this same faith we have a 'sure hope': in eternal live and in the resurrection of the flesh".HML/ VIS 20101104 (520)

FOURTH CENTENARY OF CANONISATION OF ST. CHARLES BORROMEO VATICAN CITY, 4 NOV 2010 (VIS) - Made public today was a Message from the Pope addressed to Cardinal Dionigi Tettamanzi, archbishop of Milan, Italy, marking the fourth centenary of the canonisation of St. Charles Borromeo, on 1 November 1610. "The time in which Charles Borromeo lived was a very delicate one for Christianity", writes the Pope. "In a period obscured by many trials facing the Christian community, with divisions and doctrinal confusion, the clouding of the purity of faith and custom, and the bad example of many sacred ministers, Charles Borromeo did not limit himself to deploring and condemning, nor simply to expressing hope that others would change; rather, he began to reform his own life". St. Charles "was aware that serious and credible reform had to begin with pastors". To this end he focused on "the centrality of the Eucharist, ... the spirituality of the cross, ... assiduous participation in the Sacraments, ... the Word of God, ... and love and devotion for the Supreme Pontiff, readily and filially obedient to his directives as a guarantee of true and complete ecclesial communion". "May St. Charles encourage us always to begin with a serious commitment to personal conversion", writes the Holy Father, going on to encourage priests and deacons "to make of their lives a courageous path of sanctity" and expressing the hope that the Church in Milan may always find in her ministers "a clear faith and a sober and pure life, renewing that apostolic ardour which characterised St. Ambrose, St. Charles and so many of your holy pastors". "St. Charles was recognised", Benedict XVI continues, "as a true loving father to the poor. ... He founded institutions for the assistance and recovery of those in need. ... During the plague of 1576, the saintly archbishop chose to remain among his people to encourage, serve and defend them with the weapons of prayer, penance and love". The Pope highlights how "St. Charles Borromeo's charity cannot be understood without an understanding of his relationship of passionate love with the Lord Jesus". In this context the Holy Father refers to "the contemplation of the holy mystery of the altar and the Crucified Christ" which awakened the saint's "feelings of compassion for man's misery and aroused in his heart the apostolic longing to bring the evangelical message to everyone". "Let us make the Eucharist the true centre of our communities, let us allow ourselves to be educated and moulded by that well of charity. Each apostolic and charitable action will draw strength and fruitfulness from that source". The Holy Father concludes his Message with an appeal to young people: "Like St. Charles, you too are can make your youth an offering to Christ and your fellows. ... Dear young people, you are not only the hope of the Church, you are part of her present moment. And if you have the courage to believe in sanctity, you will become the greatest treasure of your Ambrosian Church, which is built upon saints".MESS/ VIS 20101104 (510)

URGENT NEED TO EDUCATE LAITY IN CHURCH SOCIAL DOCTRINE VATICAN CITY, 4 NOV 2010 (VIS) - The Pope has sent a Message to Cardinal Peter Kodwo Appiah Turkson, president of the Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace, to mark that body's plenary assembly which is currently benign held in Rome. The assembly is focusing on how the Encyclical "Caritas in veritate" has been received in various communities. "Only with charity, supported by hope and illuminated by the light of faith and reason, is it possible to achieve the goals of the integral liberation of man and universal justice", the Holy Father writes. Referring to the "fundamental problems affecting the destiny of peoples and of world institutions, as well as of the human family", which are examined in "Caritas in veritate", Benedict XVI points out that social and national inequalities "have by no means disappeared. ... Co-ordination among States - which is often inadequate because, rather than aiming to achieve solidarity, it aims only at a balance of power - leaves the field open to renewed inequalities, to the danger of the predominance of economic and financial groups which dictate - and intend to continue to do so - the political agenda at the expense of the universal common good". The Holy Father stresses the urgent need "for commitment to educating Catholic laity in Church social doctrine". Lay Catholics "must undertake to promote the correct ordering of social life, while respecting the legitimate autonomy of worldly institutions". "A profound understanding of the social doctrine of the Church is of fundamental importance, in harmony with all her theological heritage and strongly rooted in affirming the transcendent dignity of man, in defending human life from conception to natural death and in religious freedom. ... It is necessary to prepare lay people capable of dedicating themselves to the common good, especially in complex environments such as the world of politics". The Pope concludes his Message by expressing the hope that the Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace may continue "to prepare fresh 'aggiornamenti' of Church social doctrine". In order to globalise this doctrine, he writes, "it may be appropriate to create centres and institutions for its study, dissemination and implementation throughout the world". "In collaboration with others, seek more effective ways to transmit the contents of social doctrine, not only in the traditional itineraries of Christian formation and education of all kinds and at all levels, but also in the great centres where world thought is forged - such as the organs of the lay press, universities and economic and social study centres - which in recent times have come into being in every corner of the earth".MESS/ VIS 20101104 (450)

PAPAL TELEGRAM FOR NEW SEMINARY BUILDING IN CUBA VATICAN CITY, 4 NOV 2010 (VIS) - Made public today was a message sent in the Pope's name by Cardinal Secretary of State Tarcisio Bertone S.D.B. to Cardinal Jaime Lucas Ortega y Alamino, archbishop of San Cristobal de La Habana, Cuba, for the opening a new headquarters of the archdiocesan seminary of St. Charles and St. Ambrose. In the text the Holy Father expresses the hope that the new inauguration may be, "at one and the same time, a sign and a stimulus for a renewed commitment to strive for the careful human, spiritual and academic preparation of the those who, in that institution, ready themselves for the priestly ministry". The Pope invites the seminarians "increasingly to identify themselves with the sentiments of Christ the Good Shepherd, through assiduous prayer, serious dedication to study, humbly listening to the divine word, dignified celebration of the Sacraments, and courageous witness of His love as authentic disciples and missionaries of the Gospel of salvation". The Holy Father "entrusts the entire community of this educational institution to the protection of the Blessed Virgin Mary who, with the title of Our Lady of Charity, is fervently invoked by the beloved nation of Cuba".MESS/ VIS 20101104 (210)

CONGREGATION FOR DOCTRINE OF FAITH ON "OPUS ANGELORUM" VATICAN CITY, 4 NOV 2010 (VIS) - Given below is the complete text of the English-language version of a circular letter issued by the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, dated 2 October and signed by Cardinal William Joseph Levada, prefect of the congregation. The letter was published today by "L'Osservatore Romano" and concerns the current doctrinal and canonical position of the association known as "Opus Angelorum". More than thirty years ago, the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith began to examine the theories and practices of the association called Opus Angelorum (Engelwerk). At the present time, the dicastery believes that it would be helpful for the bishops of [episcopal conferences] to be informed regarding the developments which have taken place in these years, so that they may exercise effective oversight in this area. I. The initial examination was brought to a conclusion with the publication of a letter on 24 September 1982, communicating certain decisions approved by the Holy Father (AAS 76 [1984], 175-176); this letter was followed by a Decree entitled 'Litteris diei' of 6 June 1992 (AAS 84 [1992], 805-806). In essence, these two documents stated that, in promoting devotion to the Holy Angels, the members of the Opus Angelorum were to follow the doctrine of the Church and the teaching of the Church Fathers and Doctors. In particular, the members were not to make use of the "names" of angels derived from the alleged private revelations attributed to Mrs. Gabriele Bitterlich and they were not to teach, spread or make use of the theories originating from these alleged revelations. Furthermore, they were reminded of the duty to follow strictly all liturgical laws, in particular those relating to the Holy Eucharist. The Decree of 1992 entrusted the implementation of these measures to a delegate named by the Holy See and possessing special faculties; he was also given the task of regularising the relationship between the Opus Angelorum and the Order of Canons Regular of the Holy Cross. In the years that followed, the delegate, Fr. Benoit Duroux O.P., successfully completed the work entrusted to him. Today, thanks to the obedience of its members, the Opus Angelorum can be considered to be living loyally and serenely in conformity with the doctrine of the Church and with canonical and liturgical law. On 13 March 2010, given the advanced age of Fr. Duroux, Fr. Daniel Ols O.P. was named delegate, with the same powers as described in the Decree of 1992. The process of normalisation can be seen in particular in the following elements. On 31 May 2000, the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith approved the formula of a consecration to the Holy Angels for the Opus Angelorum. Having received the positive opinion of this dicastery, the Congregation for Institutes of Consecrated Life and Societies of Apostolic Life approved the "Statutes of the Opus Sanctorum Angelorum", in which, among other things, the relationship between the Opus Angelorum and the Order of Canons Regular of the Holy Cross was defined. According to the Statutes, the Opus Angelorum is a public association of the Catholic Church with juridical personality according to the norm of canon 313 of the CIC; it is joined to the Order of Canons Regular of the Holy Cross according to the norm of canon 677, para. 2 of the CIC and placed under the direction of the Order in conformity with canon 303 of the CIC. The Constitutions of the Sisters of the Holy Cross were approved by the bishop of Innsbruck. Finally, the Order of Canons Regular of the Holy Cross, whose central government had been named by the Congregation for the Institutes of Consecrated Life and the Societies of Apostolic Life on 30 October 1993, was able at the beginning of 2009 to elect its own superior general and the members of the general council. Therefore, in its present state, the Opus Angelorum is a public association of the Church in conformity with traditional doctrine and with the directives of the Holy See. It spreads devotion to the Holy Angels among the faithful, exhorts them to pray for priests, and promotes love for Christ in His Passion and union with it. Therefore, there are no remaining obstacles of a doctrinal and disciplinary kind which would prevent local ordinaries from receiving this movement into their dioceses and promoting its development. II. At the same time, however, the congregation wishes to draw the attention of ordinaries to the fact that, in the course of these years, a certain number of Opus Angelorum members, including some priests who either left or were expelled from the Order of Canons Regular of the Holy Cross, have not accepted the norms given by the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith and seek to restore what, according to them, would be the "authentic Opus Angelorum", that is, a movement which professes and practices all those things which were forbidden by the above-mentioned documents. The congregation has learned that very discrete propaganda in favour of this wayward movement, which is outside of any ecclesiastical control, is taking place, aimed at presenting it as if it were in full communion with the Catholic Church. The Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, therefore, asks ordinaries to be vigilant with regard to such activities, disruptive as they are of ecclesial communion, and to forbid them if they are present within their dioceses.CDF/ VIS 20101104 (910)

OTHER PONTIFICAL ACTS VATICAN CITY, 4 NOV 2010 (VIS) - The Holy Father: - Accepted the resignation from the pastoral care of the archdiocese of Parakou, Benin, presented by Archbishop Fidele Agbatchi, in accordance with canon 401 para. 2 of the Code of Canon Law. - Appointed Bishop Juan Alberto Puiggari of Mar del Plata, Argentina, as archbishop of Parana (area 30,348, population 578,000, Catholics 520,200, priests 144, religious 170), Argentina. The archbishop-elect was born in Buenos Aires, Argentina in 1949, he was ordained a priest in 1976 and consecrated a bishop in 1998. He succeeds Archbishop Mario Luis Bautista Maulion, whose resignation from the pastoral care of the same archdiocese the Holy Father accepted, upon having reached the age limit. - Appointed Bishop Thaddeus Cho Hwan-kil, auxiliary and diocesan administrator of the archdiocese of Daegu, Korea, as archbishop of the same archdiocese (area 9,128, population 4,469,943, Catholics 442,794, priests 382, religious 1,187). The archbishop-elect was born in Hwa-Won, Korea in 1954, he was ordained a priest in 1981 and consecrated a bishop in 2007.
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Cathoic Registrar report:
Kamloops Bishop David Monroe is making a speedy recovery from a vicious assault when he was attacked Oct. 22 in the rectory of Sacred Heart Cathedral.The bishop suffered severe head and body injuries after he opened the door to the rectory to the man who attacked him.The bishops’ sisters have been in Kamloops since hearing of the attack the next day. “Let’s just say he’s doing a lot of things he couldn’t do a few days ago,” Barb Macaulay told the Kamloops Daily News.Macaulay and her sister Margaret Taddei have been overwhelmed by the support of the parish community and the Kamloops diocese, but have been turning away visitors to allow their brother time for rest and recovery. “We appreciate their attachment up here, but there will be a time when visits will be beneficial to his recovery,” Taddei said.In a release from the diocese, the sisters thanked all those who are “facilitating the recovery” of their brother, saying they “feel strong confidence in the quality of care that our brother will continue to receive.” And they thanked people from across the continent for their “outpouring of compassion and prayers.”“Please know that the bishop is making daily progress, which is welcome and positive news.”The sisters also expressed compassion for their brother’s alleged attacker, John Bandura, 30, and his family, acknowledging the difficulties they have been going through with their son. “I know how powerless they feel and how hard it is on them,” Macaulay said.“I am the mother of a son about the same age,” she told the Kamloops Daily News. “I can imagine how his mom and dad must be suffering.”It is thought that Bandura has mental issues that may have contributed to the attack. On the evening of the assault, Bandura, accompanied by family members, admitted himself to Royal Inland Hospital. But he left the hospital not long after being admitted, breaking a window on his way out, which led to a call to police. Just over an hour later police learned of the assault on Monroe. Bandura was arrested at 1 a.m. Oct. 23.
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UCAN REPORT: Catholic and Buddhist health care workers from central Vietnam have undergone a program to care for abandoned tuberculosis (TB) patients.“We are happy to work with the government to help patients and prevent the disease from spreading,” said Kim Long clinic director Sister Benedictine Nguyen Thi Dien.Fifty Religious attended the workshop held by the health department and HIV/AIDS prevention center in Hue city, Thua Thien-Hue province, on Nov. 1.According to Sister Dien, local people avoid contact with and discriminate against TB and HIV/AIDS patients.“We want to see closer cooperation to fight the infectious disease,” said Tran Thi Ngoc, doctor and director of the HIV/AIDS prevention center.She said the nuns have good relationships with patients and able to convince other villagers to respect and look after them.Tran Vinh Cuu, a patient, said Catholic nuns have looked after him every day at the hospital after his family deserted him.The doctor said the workshop aims to provide workers with practical treatment skills, find solutions to prevent local breakout and educate people about the disease.Since 2009, Thua Thien-Hue province has only recorded 1,200 cases because patients were afraid of rejection upon exposing their illness.Tuberculosis is a common and often deadly infectious disease caused by strains of mycobacteria.
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THE LOCAL REPORT: If you’ve wondered lately just how the Thirty Years’ War came to end, it might be time for a trip to Münster, the picturesque place that put Westphalia on the map in 1648.Oddly, the peace treaty that helped stop three decades of internecine Christian warfare was sealed in a city taking its name from a monastery founded back in year 805 by a Frisian missionary. Münster undoubtedly revels in its religious and cultural history, but fortunately the city’s 50,000-strong student population keeps the place from becoming too fusty.The city is centred around St. Paul’s Cathedral, which was completed in the early 13th century. It has since been destroyed and rebuilt, renovated or extended more than five times. It now stands as one of the city’s most impressive and beloved buildings and bears witness to the open air markets on Domplatz every Wednesday and Saturday afternoon.Most residents have made them part of their weekly regimen. University student Christian Cloppenburg, born and raised in the city, recommends a cheese stall with an orange roof which is famous for handing out little sampler bags for a mere €3.Close by, Münster’s historic Town Hall is where the Thirty Years’ War officially ended with the Peace of Westphalia. The grand Gothic building was, like so many of Münster’s architectural wonders, completely destroyed during World War II and rebuilt in the 1950s.A hop and a skip away is St. Lambert’s Church, where Cardinal Clemens von Galen delivered his sermons against the Nazis with such vehemence that he earned the nickname “The Lion of Münster.” But the church also has a macabre side to its long history – in the mid-16th century the bodies of three Anabaptist leaders were suspended in cages in the tower as a warning. The cages are still there today, rattling above the clock and providing a ghoulish visual from wherever you happen to be standing in the city.Outside the church is the beginning of Prinzipalmarkt, the most famous street in Münster. The forty-eight arched houses that line the cobblestoned street hark back to the 13th century, when they were built for merchant traders. Nowadays, fully restored, they are home to fashion labels, boutiques and up-market cafes and restaurants.Away from the two imposing shadows of the cathedral and St. Lambert’s (although one never completely escapes the latter’s spooky, blackened spire) the shopping and coffee-drinking continues, but with a markedly different feel. Starting on Salzstrasse, Baroque lovers can get their fix by gazing at three of Münster’s finest antique-bling buildings: the Dominican Church, designed by Lambert Friedrich von Corfey, and the Erbdrostenhof and St. Clement’s Church, designed by his most famous student, Johann Conrad Schlaun.Just behind the Erbdrostenhof, a former aristocratic residence that now acts as the seat of the State Curator of Westphalia, stands the sweet and simple St. Servatius’ Church which has been standing since 1230. Once you’ve finished ogling, head back towards St. Clement’s and take a coffee into its garden. Beautifully kept, there is a welcome peace and quiet found within its walls. But Münster offers material as well as spiritual nourishment.The area surrounding St. Ludger’s Church is buzzing shopping zone. Founded in 1173, the house of worship is sandwiched between temples of contemporary consumerism.“Münster has a good mix of budget shopping and high fashion,” says Anki Kipp, a law student and self-confessed serial shopaholic.After giving your credit cards some exercise, head to the Kuhviertel (via St. Peter’s Church which stands on the River Aa). The district is full of steepled roofs, flower boxes and cobblestone streets. Beer aficionados should head to the famous Pinkus-Müller Brewery – Germany’s oldest organic brewer. On your way out take a gander at the Church of Our Lady with the biggest Gothic steeple in Westphalia. Of course, a trip to Münster wouldn’t be complete without visiting the palace that now houses the university’s administration. Designed by Johann Conrad Schlaun for the local prince-bishop to call home, construction began in 1767.Getting There:Münster has direct rail links from the Ruhr Valley, the Rhineland, Bremen and Hamburg.External link: Münster's official website. »
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ALL AFRICA REPORT: President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf says there is no decision to stop the teaching of the Holy Bible in Liberian public schools. The President, in a meeting Thursday, October 28, with members of the Liberian Council of Churches, dismissed reports that Government had banned the teaching of the Holy Bible in public schools.The President informed members of the clergy that at no time has there been any directive from Government ordering a halt to the teaching of the Bible in public schools. “There is no order, decision, instruction, authorization that talks about taking the Bible out of schools; I don’t know of any,” the President declared when she addressed more than a hundred officials and members of the Liberian Council of Churches during a meeting at the C. Cecil Dennis Auditorium in Monrovia. The President said the Government is being questioned for having Bibles in the schools by people of other faiths who feel this should not be. “So here we are, being criticized by both sides for something we’ve never done,” the President stated, adding that had the clergy contacted her office, whatever misinformation being circulated would have been addressed appropriately.An Executive Mansion release quotes the President as saying the 1986 Constitution, which refers to Liberia as a secular State, was not written or influenced by her Government. The issue, the President maintained, could have been raised when the Constitution was being adopted or thereafter. She reminded church leaders that because Liberia is a secular nation, Government was obligated to protect the interests of all religions without discrimination.“We do have a secular bi-population that is non-Christian; we cannot deny them. We have to accept the fact that they are Liberians too, without compromising our own historical leanings and the basis of our faith” The President expressed the hope that there would be constitutional reform at which time some of the contentious issues contained in the 1986 Constitution could be addressed.President Johnson Sirleaf also clarified reports that the Government was demanding the use of a portion of land in the Paynesville area where a private Christian Mission – ELWA – is located. The President said Vice President Joseph Boakai is spearheading discussions between Government and the Management of ELWA for the use of an unoccupied, 11-acre parcel of land for development. The Government of the People’s Republic of China, the President said, has offered to build an office complex to house several government ministries.The Vice President will also work with church authorities and the Ministry of Education in reaching an understanding regarding the use by churches of public school facilities. The President clarified that churches conducting services at public buildings will continue to do so until proper arrangements can be reached on the matter.In separate statements, members of the clergy thanked the President for clarifying the issues, which some agreed should have been discussed among Council members before raising them in the media. They welcomed a suggestion by the President for more interaction to address issues of mutual concern.The President thanked the churches for the contribution they continue to make toward Government’s efforts to develop the country, and assured the clergy that Government would do nothing to undermine the collaboration between it and the church.Thursday’s meeting, convened by the Liberian President, was attended by Vice President Boakai; the President of the Liberian Council of Churches, Rev. David Daniels; officers and members of the LCC; as well the Ministers of Lands, Mines and Energy and of Education, and the Superintendent of Montserrado Country, Mrs. Grace T. Kpan. The discussion was moderated by the Spiritual Advisor to the President, Rev. Jarvis Witherspoon
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Cath News report: The former NSW Minister for Juvenile Justice and Minister for Youth and Volunteering, Graham West, has been appointed the new chief executive of the state's St Vincent de Paul Society, reports the Campbelltown-Macarthur Advertiser.'The outgoing Campbelltown MP will take up his position early next year. According to The Catholic Weekly, Mr West was looking forward to the new role.''The St Vincent de Paul Society has given me so much over the years, and has shaped my desire to work in the community with those in need since I first got involved as a 17 year old," he said. "It is also where I met my wife Tanya, 18 years ago, at a St Vincent de Paul Youth Conference in Armidale.''This role is an opportunity to repay the enormous debt of gratitude that I owe the Society and its members."St Vincent de Paul Society national president Syd Tutton told The Catholic Weekly: "Graham has been a member of the Society since he was a boy, and brings to the role a passionate commitment to social justice and excellent working knowledge of the community sector of NSW.''"As the former member for Campbelltown, Graham represented one of the youngest areas of the State and is deeply committed to St Vincent de Paul Society's Mission to stand with people who have been pushed to the margins," Mr Tutton said in a media release.
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CATHOLIC ONLINE SOURCE: Charles was the son of Count Gilbert Borromeo and Margaret Medici, sister of Pope Pius IV. He was born at the family castle of Arona on Lake Maggiore, Italy on October 2. He received the clerical tonsure when he was twelve and was sent to the Benedictine abbey of SS. Gratian and Felinus at Arona for his education.In 1559 his uncle was elected Pope Pius IV and the following year, named him his Secretary of State and created him a cardinal and administrator of the see of Milan. He served as Pius' legate on numerous diplomatic missions and in 1562, was instrumental in having Pius reconvene the Council of Trent, which had been suspended in 1552. Charles played a leading role in guiding and in fashioning the decrees of the third and last group of sessions. He refused the headship of the Borromeo family on the death of Count Frederick Borromeo, was ordained a priest in 1563, and was consecrated bishop of Milan the same year. Before being allowed to take possession of his see, he oversaw the catechism, missal, and breviary called for by the Council of Trent. When he finally did arrive at Trent (which had been without a resident bishop for eighty years) in 1556, he instituted radical reforms despite great opposition, with such effectiveness that it became a model see. He put into effect, measures to improve the morals and manners of the clergy and laity, raised the effectiveness of the diocesan operation, established seminaries for the education of the clergy, founded a Confraternity of Christian Doctrine for the religious instruction of children and encouraged the Jesuits in his see. He increased the systems to the poor and the needy, was most generous in his help to the English college at Douai, and during his bishopric held eleven diocesan synods and six provincial councils. He founded a society of secular priests, Oblates of St. Ambrose (now Oblates of St. Charles) in 1578, and was active in preaching, resisting the inroads of protestantism, and bringing back lapsed Catholics to the Church. He encountered opposition from many sources in his efforts to reform people and institutions.He died at Milan on the night of November 3-4, and was canonized in 1610. He was one of the towering figures of the Catholic Reformation, a patron of learning and the arts, and though he achieved a position of great power, he used it with humility, personal sanctity, and unselfishness to reform the Church, of the evils and abuses so prevalent among the clergy and the nobles of the times. His feast day is November 4th.
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TODAY'S GOSPEL: NOV. 4: Luke 15: 1 - 10
Luke 15: 1 - 101Now the tax collectors and sinners were all drawing near to hear him.2And the Pharisees and the scribes murmured, saying, "This man receives sinners and eats with them."3So he told them this parable:4"What man of you, having a hundred sheep, if he has lost one of them, does not leave the ninety-nine in the wilderness, and go after the one which is lost, until he finds it?5And when he has found it, he lays it on his shoulders, rejoicing.6And when he comes home, he calls together his friends and his neighbors, saying to them, `Rejoice with me, for I have found my sheep which was lost.'7Just so, I tell you, there will be more joy in heaven over one sinner who repents than over ninety-nine righteous persons who need no repentance.8"Or what woman, having ten silver coins, if she loses one coin, does not light a lamp and sweep the house and seek diligently until she finds it?9And when she has found it, she calls together her friends and neighbors, saying, `Rejoice with me, for I have found the coin which I had lost.'10Just so, I tell you, there is joy before the angels of God over one sinner who repents."
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